Biokinetic Studies in Humans with Stable Isotopes As Tracers

Biokinetic studies in humans with stable isotopes as tracers. Part 1: A methodology for incorporation of trace metals into vegetables.
Isotopes Environ Health Stud 1998;34(3):291-6
Giussani A, Heinrichs U, Roth P, Werner E, Schramel P, Wendler I.
GSF, National Research Center for Environment and Health, Institute of Radiation Protection, Neuherberg, Germany.

The metabolism and biokinetics of trace metals in humans can be successfully studied employing stable isotopes of the investigated elements as tracers. For the estimation of the bioavailability and the intestinal absorption from solid food, materials are required which have been intrinsically labelled with the chosen stable tracer, since the use of an extrinsic label may lead to erroneous results. Here a technique for producing intrinsically labelled vegetables is presented and optimized with regard to molybdenum, gadolinium and ruthenium, elements of interest in the field of radiation protection and/or nutrition. These feasibility studies were aimed to determine the most favourable conditions for the production of vegetables containing the selected tracers in amounts high enough to enable successful biokinetic studies in humans. In this optimization study the natural elements were used instead of the more expensive stable isotopes. Mo is readily absorbed both into cress (Lepidium sativum) and into french beans (Phaseolus vulg. var. nanus). Gd uptake into cress is moderate, while Ru may be easily and successfully incorporated only into sprouts of mung beans (Vigna radiata).