Changes in Nutritional Value and Cytotoxicity of Garden Cress Germinated with Different Selenium Solutions
Changes in nutritional value and cytotoxicity of garden cress germinated with different selenium solutions.
J Agric Food Chem. 2010 Feb 24;58(4):2331-6.
Frias J,Gulewicz P,Martinez-Villaluenga C,Peñas E, Piskula MK, Kozlowska H, Ciska E, Gulewicz K, Vidal-Valverde C.
Instituto de Fermentaciones Industriales (CSIC), Juan de la Cierva 3, 28006 Madrid, Spain.
The selenium supply in almost all European countries is below the recommended daily intake, and different strategies are followed to fortify foods. In the present work, the influence of germination of garden cress ( Lepidium sativum cv. Ogrodowa) in different selenium solutions (Na(2)SeO(3) and Na(2)SeO(4)) on Se uptake, total antioxidant capacity, glucosinolates, protein, and amino acids was studied. Cytotoxicity in HL-60 human leukemic cell line was also assessed. The addition of selenite (Na(2)SeO(3)) or selenate (Na(2)SeO(4)) led to a significant increment in Se uptake in garden cress sprouts, and the highest Se content was observed at 8 mg/L in both inorganic Se solutions (36-38 microg/g of dm). The Se-enriched sprouts presented a large total antioxidant capacity (142-157 mumol of Trolox/g of dm), total glucosinolate content (99-124 microg/g of dm), protein (36-37% dm), and total essential amino acid content (40-41 g/100 g of protein), and no cytotoxicity on HL-60 human leukemic cells was observed. Garden cress sprouts obtained with selenite solution at 8 mg/L presented the best nutritional qualities and might provide a substantial proportion of Se in European diets. Bearing in mind the high nutritional value of sprouts, these may serve for the production of functional foods.