Comparison of Isoflavone Concentrations in Soybean

Comparison of Isoflavone Concentrations in Soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merrill) Sprouts Grown under Two Different Light Conditions.

J Agric Food Chem. 2007 Nov 14;55(23):9415-21.

Lee SJ, Ahn JK, Khanh TD, Chun SC, Kim SL, Ro HM, Song HK, Chung IM.

Department of Applied Life Science, College of Life & Environmental Sciences, Konkuk University, Seoul 143-701, Republic of Korea

We determined and compared the composition and content of isoflavones in the cotyledon, hypocotyl, and root of 17 soybean sprout varieties grown under dark and light conditions. The total average isoflavone concentrations in 17 soybean sprout varieties were 2167 microg g (-1) (green sprout) and 2538 microg g (-1) (yellow sprout) in cotyledons, 1169 microg g (-1) (green sprout) and 1132 microg g (-1) (yellow sprout) in hypocotyls, and 2399 microg g (-1) (green sprout) and 2852 microg g (-1) (yellow sprout) in roots. There were no significant differences in total isoflavone concentrations between the green and yellow sprouts. However, significant differences in total isoflavone amounts were observed among the three organs, with roots exhibiting the highest total isoflavone concentrations followed by cotyledons and hypocotyls. Total daidzin concentrations of green (775 microg g (-1)) and yellow (897 microg g (-1)) sprouts increased to more than 4 times that in seeds (187 microg g (-1)). Yellow sprouts contained the highest (1122 microg g (-1)) total genistin concentrations, and green (155 microg g (-1)) and yellow (155 microg g (-1)) sprouts had more total glycitin concentrations than seeds. In cotyledons of green and yellow sprouts, genistin, daidzen, and glycitin constituted more than 67%, more than 28%, and less than 4% of the total isoflavone contents, respectively. In hypocotyls, total daidzin represented more than 45% of the total isoflavones, and total glycitin was higher than in cotyledons and roots. Malonylglycoside concentrations were highest in cotyledons, whereas glycoside concentrations were highest in hypocotyls and roots. The high accumulation of isoflavones in roots is consistent with isoflavones serving as signal molecules in the induction of microbial genes involved in soybean ( Glycine max) nodulation.