Evaluation of Chemical and Physical

Evaluation of chemical and physical (high-pressure and temperature) treatments to improve the safety of minimally processed mung bean sprouts during refrigerated storage.

J Food Prot. 2006 Oct;69(10):2395-402.

Munoz M, De Ancos B, Sanchez-Moreno C, Pilar Cano M.

Department of Plant Foods Science and Technology, Instituto del Frio-Consejo Superior de Investigaciones, Jose Antonio Novais, 10, E-28040 Madrid, Spain.

The objective of this study was to compare the effects of combined high hydrostatic pressure and temperature treatments with different chemical sanitation treatments (water, sodium hypochlorite, and hydrogen peroxide) on the microbiological properties of mung bean sprouts. In a first study, the raw product was subjected to several combined high-pressure and temperature treatments for calculating a mathematical model by a response surface methodology. The number of pressure-temperature (150 to 400 MPa; 20 to 40 degrees C) combinations was limited to 10. In addition, a model system consisting of mung bean sprout juice was inoculated with Listeria monocytogenes (CECT 4032). Microbial inactivation with this model system was also investigated by a response surface methodology. The highest aerobic mesophilic bacteria and L. monocytogenes inactivation was achieved at maximum pressure and temperature (5.5 and 1.8 log cycles, respectively). In a second study, the effect of five different processing lines on the microbial load reduction of minimally processed mung bean sprouts during refrigerated storage was studied. All treatments reduced the initial population of aerobic mesophilic bacteria and fecal coliforms, with the physical treatment of 400 MPa and 40 degrees C being the most effective, showing initial reductions of 5.8 and 7.8 log CFU/ g, respectively. Recovery of bacteria from sprouts treated under these conditions was not observed during storage. However, the sprouts that received washing treatments with water, sodium hypochlorite, and hydrogen peroxide exhibited increases in aerobic mesophilic and fecal coliform counts after 3 days of storage at 4 degrees C.