Novel ELISA Format for the Rapid and Sensitive Detection of Staphylococcal Enterotoxin a

A novel ELISA format for the rapid and sensitive detection of staphylococcal enterotoxin A.
Biosci Biotechnol Biochem 1998 Nov;62(11):2217-22
Giletto A, Fyffe JG.
Lynntech, Inc., College Station, TX 77840, USA.

Staphylococcal food poisoning is one of the leading causes of bacterial food poisoning each year. Detection kits for staphylococcal enterotoxins are commercially available and the assays can require from one and a half to twenty-four hours to complete with detection limits ranging from 0.5 to 2 ng enterotoxin per gram of food. We have successfully demonstrated a microsphere-packed capillary (MPC) ELISA for the detection of staphylococcal enterotoxin A (SEA) and have compared it to two commercially available kits. The MPC assay detected a lower amount of SEA in ham, chicken, cheese, and bean sprouts than either of the two commercially available kits. In addition, the novel MPC assay was completed in less than ten minutes, as compared to three and twenty-four hours for the two commercially available kits. This research also demonstrated that the MPC ELISA can contain integrated positive and negative controls and has the potential to simultaneously detect and identify multiple enterotoxins.