Seed Sampling and Testing Sprout Safety Research

Over the many years we have been in business, our team has collected important seed sampling research and related sprout safety research into this helpful articles database.

California Department of Public Health Advisory to Commercial Sprout Producers“, May 1, 2008

“Sprouting Seed Screening Documentation”, International Specialty Supply, Cookeville, TN

“Comment on Produce Safety from Production to Consumption”, August 2, 2004, Food and Drug Administration Docket No. 2004M-0258. International Specialty Supply.

CSPI Backs ISS Seed Screening Program as a Risk Reduction Measure for Sprouts“.  Center for Science in the Public Interest, Letter to FDA, July 18, 2005.

“Detection and Isolation of Salmonella from Naturally Contaminated Alfalfa Seeds Following an Outbreak Investigation”, J Food Prot 1999 Jun;62(6):662-4, Inami GB, Moler SE., California Department of Health Services, Microbial Diseases Laboratory, Berkeley 94704, USA.

“Evaluating Seed Borne Pathogens as a Risk Factor in Produce Outbreaks”, Plant Disease Seminar, Nov, 13, 2007, Trevor Suslow, Plant Sciences and Postharvest Technologist, UC Davis.

“Factors Influencing the Growth of Salmonella during Sprouting of Naturally Contaminated Alfalfa Seeds” Journal of Food Protection, Vol. 71, No. 5, 2008, Pages 888-896. Tong-Jen Fu, Karl F. Reineke, Stuart Chirtel, and Olif M. Vanpelt

“Identification of the cellular location of internalized Escherichia coli O157:H7 in mung bean, Vigna radiata, by immunocytochemical techniques” 06.aug.11, Journal of Food Protection®, Volume 74, Number 8, August 2011 , pp. 1224-1230(7), Deering, Amanda J., Pruitt, Robert E., Mauer, Lisa J, Reuhs, Bradley L

“Interventions to Ensure the Microbial Safety of Sprouts” by William F. Fett, Chapter 8 of Microbiology of Fruits and Vegetables edited by Gerald M. Sapers, James R. Gorny and Ahmed E. Yoursef,  2006.

“Interventions to Improve Food Safety of Sprouted Seeds”, PowerPoint Presentation by Keith Warriner for British Columbia’s Premier Food Safety Conference – October 18, 2007.

“Isolation of Salmonella from alfalfa seed and demonstration of impaired growth of heat-injured cells in seed homogenates.” Int J Food Microbiol. 2003 May 15;82(3):245-53. Liao CH, Fett WF., US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Eastern Regional Research Center, 600 East Mermaid Lane, Wyndmoor, PA 19038, USA.

“ISS Seed Screening Procedures” International Specialty Supply, Cookeville, TN.

“ISS Seed Screening Seen Theoretically as Substantial Log Reduction”, September 16, 2009, Bob Rust, reviewed/edited by Dr. Martin Cole.

“ISTA Handbook on Seed Sampling, Second Edition”, January, 2004, International Seed Testing Association.

“Monte Carlo Simulation of Pathogen Behavior during the Sprout Production Process”.  Appl Environ Microbiol. 2005 Feb;71(2):746-53. Montville R, Schaffner D., Food Risk Analysis Initiative, Rutgers University, 65 Dudley Rd., New Brunswick, NJ 08901-8520.

Plant Products Safety Manual” Revised June 2007, South Australian Research and Development Institute (SARDI). The seed pre-screening sampling process is based on the method developed by International Specialty Supply and Jonathon Sprouts, which was reviewed and confirmed by the South Australian Research and Development Institute.

“Seed Handling and Distribution Systems”  FDA requested presentation by Bob Rust, International Specialty Supply, at FDA Public Meeting, May 17, 2005.

“Seed Sampling and Testing: A risk-reduction strategy for sprouts”, Bob Sanderson, Jonathan’s Sprouts.

“Seed Screening for Human Pathogens Testing” International Specialty Supply, Cookeville, TN

“Seed Sprouts, the State of Microbiological Safety” William F. Fett, Tong-Jen Fu, and Mary Lou Tortorello, Chapter 6 of Microbiology of Fresh Produce, Edited by Karl R. Mathews, 2006 pp202-207.

Sprout Production“, Code of Hygienic Practice for Fresh Fruits and Vegetables, Codex Committee on Food Hygiene, Joint FAO/WHO Food Standards Programme, CODEX Alimentarius Commission, CAC/RCP 53 – 2003.

“Sprouted Seed Good Manufacturing Practices Guidebook

Canadian Sprout Manual, Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs.  2007

Two Processing Methods for the Isolation of Salmonella from Naturally Contaminated Alfalfa Seeds”, Journal of Food Protection: Vol. 64, No. 8, pp. 1240-1243., Gregory B. Inami, Sue Ming C. Lee, Robin W. Hogue, and Rita A. Brenden, California Department of Health Services, Microbial Diseases Laboratory, 2151 Berkeley Way, Berkeley, California 94704, USA (with comments by Bob Rust and Bob Sanderson.)