Seed Sanitation – Chlorine Sprout Safety Research

We have amassed helpful articles on seed sanitation, chlorine and sprout safety. Enjoy this research and get in touch if you have any questions.

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“Alfalfa Seed Decontamination in a Salmonella Outbreak”, CDC, Emerging Infectious Diseases, April 2003, Vol 9, No.4, Christopher J. Gill, William E. Keene, Janet C. Mohle-Boetani, Jeff A. Farrar, Patti L. Waller, Christine G. Hahn, and Paul R. Cieslak.

“Application of calcium hypochlorite as a seed disinfectant (a preliminary report)”, K Jinnoh,  et al., 1975, Hyogo Kenritsu Nogyo Shikenjo Kenkyu Hokoku, 23, 1-8.

“Calcium hypochlorite as a disinfectant for seeds”, Jinno, K , et al., 1977, Nogyo Oyobi Engei, 52, ,1489-1494.

“Comment on Produce Safety from Production to Consumption”, Posted July 22, 2004, Food and Drug Administration Docket No. 2004M-0258. International Specialty Supply.

“Chlorine Inactivation of Eschrichia Coli O157:H7 in Water”, October 2001, Journal of Food Protection: Vol. 64, No. 10, pp. 16071609., Tong Zhao, Michael P. Doyle, and Ping Zhao, Center for Food Safety, University of Georgia, Paul Blake, Georgia State Public Health Laboratory, Georgia State Public Health Department, Fone-Mao Wu, Center for Food Safety, University of Georgia.

“Curing of Salmonella Enterica, Serovar Typhimurium – Contaminated Cowpea Seeds and Sprouts with Vinegar and Chlorination” Journal of Food Processing & Preservation; Volume 29 Issue 3-4 Page 268  – June 2005; doi:10.1111/j.1745-4549.2005.00027.x; Bhoj Raj Singh, Mudit Chandra, Ravikant Agarwal, and Nagarajan Babu.

“Disinfection of rice seeds prior to sprouting” J. Food Sci. 62:611-615. 1997. Piernas, V. and J.P. Guiraud.

“Disinfection of seed surfaces with sodium hypochlorite”, Sauer et al, Phytopathology, 1986, vol. 76 no. 7, pp. 745-749.

“Effect of sodium hypochlorite treatment on germination of spinach seeds”, Ku, J H., et al., Han’Guk Wonye Hakhoechi, 37, (1996),357-361.

“Effect of sodium hypochlorite treatment on seed-borne organisms and germination of imported vegetable seeds”, S. Lo, (1973), Chih Wu Pao Hu Hsueh Hui Hui K’an, 15, 147-152.

“Effectiveness of Acid/Chlorine rinses at Eliminating E. coli O157:H7 from Alfalfa Seeds Prior to Sprouting”, Megan Lang, Steve Ingham, Barbara Ingham; University of Wisconsin-Madison

“Factors affecting the efficacy of chlorine against Esherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella on alfalfa seed” Food Microbiology, Vol. 19, No. 2/3, April/June 2002, ISSN: 0740-0020, EISSN: 1095-9998 , W. F. Fett  , pp. 135-149.

“Inactivation of Escherichia coli O157:H7 on Radish Seeds by Sequential Treatments with Chlorine Dioxide, Drying, and Dry Heat without Loss of Seed Viability.”Appl Environ Microbiol. 2011 Sep;77(18):6680-6. Epub 2011 Jul 29.

Bang J,Kim H, Kim H, Beuchat LR, Ryu JH. Graduate School of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Korea University, Anam-dong, Sungbuk-ku, Seoul 136-701, Republic of Korea.

“Microbial Quality of Chlorine Soaked Mung Bean Seeds and Sprouts” Food Sci. Technol. Res., 11 (1), 95-100, 2005, Alonzo A. GABRIEL, Department of Food Science and Nutrition, College of Home Economics, University of the Philippines.

“Reduction of Escherichia Coli O157:H7 and Salmonella spp. on Laboratory-Inoculated Mung Bean Seed by Chlorine Treatment”, May 2002, Journal of Food Protection: Vol. 65, No. 5, pp. 848­852., William F. Fett, Eastern Regional Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, U.S.D.A

“Seed disinfection with hypochlorites: A selected literature review of hypochlorite chemistry and definition of terms”, Abdul-Baki, A , et al., 1979, J. Seed Technol., 4, 43-56.

“Sodium hypochlorite: effect of solution pH on rice seed disinfestation and its direct effect on seeding growth”, Chun, S C., et al., Plant Dis., 81, 1997, 821-824.

“Synergistic effect of chlorine dioxide and drying treatments for inactivating Escherichia coli O157:H7 on radish seeds.” J Food Prot. 2010 Jul;73(7):1225-30. Kim H, Kim H, Bang J, Beuchat LR, Ryu JH. Division of Human Environmental Sciences, Wonkwang University, Shinyong-dong, Iksan, Jeonbuk, Republic of Korea.