Should Sprouts Be Trashed ShouldSprouts Be Trashed? SproutNet International Specialty Supply June 5, 2002 DearBob, "Iherd that the CDC and California Department of Health are coming out withanother article trashing sprouts. Whydo they continue to do this?" DearGrower, Healthofficials concern for consumers who eat sprouts is not ill conceived. Sprouts, grown without controls, are a serious health risk, particularlyto those with weak immune systems. Althoughthere had been a couple other outbreaks associated with sprouts throughout theworld, sprouts really did not come onto the CDC's radar until 1994 whenoutbreaks involving 282 cases of salmonella poisoning were reported in Swedenand 210 cases in Finland. Both outbreaks were associated with the consumption ofalfalfa sprouts made from seeds imported from Australia. Alfalfa sprouts were again implicated in an outbreak in Denmark in 1995. In1995, an outbreak, involving alfalfa sprouts was reported in Oregon and BritishColumbia. Another large international outbreak occurred in 1995 in Finland andthe USA (Arizona, Michigan and 15 other states) caused by alfalfa sproutscontaminated with Salmonella stanley. Atotal of 242 cases were identified in
Scanning Electron Microscopy of Native Biofilms On Mung Bean Sprouts Scanning electron microscopy of native biofilms on mung bean sprouts. Can J Microbiol. 2003 Jan;49(1):45-50. Fett WF, Cooke PH. Food Safety Intervention Technologies Research Unit, Eastern Regional Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, USDA, Wyndmoor, PA 19038, USA. firstname.lastname@example.org Native biofilms present on the adaxial surface of cotyledons of mung bean sprouts (Vigna radiata) were studied by use of scanning electron microscopy. Biofilms were abundant on the cotyledon surfaces and were comprised of rod-shaped bacteria, cocci-shaped bacteria, or yeasts, often with one type of microbe predominant. In contrast to our earlier study of biofilms on green sprouts (alfalfa, clover, broccoli, and sunflower), yeast and cocci were abundant on mung bean. Filamentous fungi were not observed. Sheet-like or fibrillar material (presumably composed of secreted microbial polysaccharides, proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids) fully or partially covered the biofilms. Biofilms up to 5 mm in length were observed, and some biofilms were comprised of more than just a monolayer of microbial cells. Native biofilms
Application Of High-Hydrostatic Pressure to Inactivate Escherichia Coli O157:h7 On Alfalfa Sprout Seeds - Sprout Food Safety Research Application of high-hydrostatic pressure to inactivate Escherichia coli O157:H7 on alfalfa sprout seeds. Institute of Food Technologists Annual Meeting, New Orleans, Jun 29, 2008,Hudaa S. Neetoo, University of Delaware, Newark, DE; Mu Ye, University of Delaware, Newark, DE; Haiqiang Chen, University of Delaware, Newark, DE Alfalfa sprouts are among the most widely consumed sprouts in the United States due to their nutritional and health-promoting benefits. Sprouts eaten raw are increasingly being perceived as hazardous foods as they have been implicated inEscherichia coli O157:H7 outbreaks. Seeds usually are already contaminated at the time of sprouting and although initial pathogen contamination levels are very low, the conditions used in the sprouting process are congenial for the growth of E. coliO157:H7. The objective of our study was to evaluate the potential of using high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) technology for alfalfa seed decontamination. Alfalfa seeds (2g) inoculated with a cocktail of five strains of E. coli O157:H7 to a final level of
Directions Where We Are Cookeville, Tennessee, is centrally located in the southeast region of the United States, and sits halfway between Nashville and Knoxville on I-40. Nashville is the closest international airport, and generally the most preferred to fly in and out of. When We Are We're in the Central Time Zone (GMT -06:00); One hour earlier in the day than Knoxville or New York and two hours later than California. Where to Stay and Things to Do There is a great website with thing to do in the area calledCookevilleIsHappening.com. It is definitely worth checking out before visiting the area. Favorite Restaurants Taiko Noodles & Sushi Bar 125 W Broad St Cookeville, TN 38501 (931)528-0345 Royal House Thai Cuisine 208 E 8th St # A Cookeville, TN 38501 (931) 526-2478 Map to ISS from Nashville Directions to ISS from Nashville Airport Do the Following Then Go 1: Start out going SOUTH on TERMINAL DR. <0.1 miles 2: Go STRAIGHT toward ARRIVING FLIGHTS / DEPARTING FLIGHTS.
Sprout growers are required to test for E. coli O157 H7 and Salmonella in Spent Sprout Irrigation Water or Sprouts Samples from every batch sprout products, according to the FSMA Produce Safety Rule. The method of analysis was released in October 2015- “Testing Methodologies for E. coli O157:H7 and Salmonella species in Spent Sprout Irrigation Water (or Sprouts)" (Version 1). FDA has recently determined that specific methods are scientifically valid and at least equivalent to the published method in accuracy, precision, and sensitivity in detecting E. coli O157:H7 and Salmonella. The following link lists these methods: https://www.fda.gov/downloads/Food/FoodScienceResearch/LaboratoryMethods/UCM622917.pdf Please inform your testing laboratory if needed. One more piece of information to share - If you re-use containers at your sprout operation, the article entitled as “Minimizing Risk in Multiple-Use Containers” would be helpful.
Sprout Growers Fight Suit by Corporate Opportunists SproutGrowers Fight Suit By 'Corporate Opportunists' FromThe January 2001 Issue of Natural Foods Merchandiser Apair of longtime sprout-growers in Washington State are going to court againstone of the country's most prestigious universities to prove that you can'tpatent nature. Gregand Lorna Lynn, owners of Harmony Farms in Auburn, Wash., say they'll keepgrowing their broccoli sprouts despite a patent-infringement lawsuit filedagainst them in October in U.S. District Court in Seattle. Thecouple is being sued by Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, one of theworld's preeminent cancer research centers, and Brassica Protection Products, acompany that sells BroccoSprouts and holds patent licenses related to JohnsHopkins' broccoli research. "Iwas given a choice [by Brassica]," Greg Lynn said. "Either join themas a licensed grower or be a defendant in a lawsuit." Lynn and his wifedeclined last summer to join Brassica--it was the second time they'd been askedto--and decided to keep selling on their own. InOctober, the Lynns joined four other sprout farmers nationwide in a legal battlewith Johns Hopkins and
Nationwide Outbreak of Salmonella Bovismorbificans Associated with Sprouted Alfalfa Seeds in Finland Nationwide Outbreak of Salmonella Bovismorbificans Associated with Sprouted Alfalfa Seeds in Finland, 2009. Zoonoses Public Health. 2011 May 12. doi: 10.1111/j.1863-2378.2011.01408.x. Rimhanen-Finne R, Niskanen T, Lienemann T, Johansson T, Sjöman M, Korhonen T, Guedes S, Kuronen H, Virtanen MJ, Mäkinen J, Jokinen J, Siitonen A, Kuusi M National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland Finnish Food Safety Authority Evira, Helsinki, Finland European Programme for Intervention Epidemiology Training (EPIET), European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), Stockholm, Sweden Finnish Food Safety Authority Evira, Kuopio, Finland Environmental Health Centre, Lieto, Finland. Abstract Salmonella enterica serotype Bovismorbificans is a rare serotype in Finland. In June 2009, a nationwide outbreak of S. Bovismorbificans infections occurred, and 42 clinical isolates were identified. We conducted a case-control study enrolling 28 cases and 48 matched controls, and found ready-to-eat alfalfa sprouts associated with the infection (odds ratio = 35.2, 95% confidence interval 2.8-435). The sprouts were traced back to a domestic producer, with theseeds
Super Broccoli Bred to Fight Cancer Eating WellFood News Super-Broccoli Bred to Fight Cancer PSA rising Magazine Prostrate Cancer News May25 2000. SUPER-BROCCOLIbred from garden broccoli and a wild Sicilian variety is the latest veggie tohold out anti-cancer promise. The team that developed super-broccoli at the JohnInnes Centre at the Institute of Food Research in Norwich, England now have twocommercial partners. "Thesuper-broccoli looks and tastes the same as ordinary broccoli," says GaryWilliamson, a member of the research team that bred the plant. Compared withregular broccoli, super-broccoli contains 10 to 100 times as much sulphoraphane,the substance that helps to neutralize cancer-causing agents in the gut. Thismakes super-broccoli as potent as broccoli sprouts -- and the new broccoli maybe more convenient to market, prepare and eat. Sulphoraphaneis found in all cabbage-family plants (brassicas), which run from cabbage,collard greens and kale to brussel sprouts and cauliflower. Broccoli has themost sulphoraphane. Asthe broccoli is digested, it releases sulphoraphane in the gut. This steps upproduction of glutathione transferases -- powerful enzymes that destroycancer-causing substances in
Sulforaphane Suppresses Ultraviolet B Sulforaphane suppresses ultraviolet B-induced inflammation in HaCaT keratinocytes and HR-1 hairless mice. J Nutr Biochem. 2009 Jul 1. Shibata A, Nakagawa K, Yamanoi H, Tsuduki T, Sookwong P, Higuchi O, Kimura F, Miyazawa T. Food and Biodynamic Chemistry Laboratory, Graduate School of Agricultural Science, Tohoku University, Sendai 981-8555, Japan. Ultraviolet B (UVB) irradiation induces skin damage and inflammation. One way to reduce the inflammation is via the use of molecules termed photochemopreventive agents. Sulforaphane (4-methylsulfinylbutyl isothiocyanate, SF), which is found in cruciferous vegetables, is known for its potent physiological properties. This study was designed to evaluate the effect of SF on skin inflammation in vitro and in vivo. In in vitro study using immortalized human keratinocytes (HaCaT), UVB caused marked inflammatory responses [i.e., decrease of HaCaT viability and increase of production of an inflammatory marker interleukin-6 (IL-6)]. SF recovered the cell proliferation and suppressed the IL-6 production. These anti-inflammatory effects of SF were explained by its ability to reduce UVB-induced inflammatory gene expressions [IL-6, IL-1beta and
Isothiocyanates Sensitize the Effect of Chemotherapeutic Drugs Via Modulation of Protein Kinase C and Telomerase in Cervical Cancer Isothiocyanates sensitize the effect of chemotherapeutic drugs via modulation of protein kinase C and telomerase in cervical cancer cells Mol Cell Biochem. 2009 Oct;330(1-2):9-22. Epub 2009 Apr 12. Mukherjee S, Dey S, Bhattacharya RK, Roy M. Department of Environmental Carcinogenesis and Toxicology, Chittaranjan National Cancer Institute, 37, S. P. Mukherjee Road, Kolkata, 700 026, India. Abstract Isothiocyanates have potential chemopreventive and antitumor effects. In the present study, we examined the actions of PEITC and sulphoraphane in modulating the activity of protein kinase C (PKC) and telomerase in cervical cancer cell line HeLa. These tumor markers are highly activated in human cancers. These compound efficiently downregulated the antiapoptotic isoforms (PKC-alpha, -betaII, -epsilon, and -zeta) as well as telomerase, whereas the proapoptotic form (PKC-delta) was upregulated. Studies were performed to measure the degree of apoptotic cell death induced by either isothiocyanates alone, or in combination with adriamycin or etoposide. Apoptosis was evident from