Effect of Buckwheat Sprouts and Groats On the Antioxidant Potential of Blood and Caecal Parameters in Rats
Effect of buckwheat sprouts and groats on the antioxidant potential of blood and caecal parameters in rats.
Int J Vitam Nutr Res. 2011 Sep;81(5):286-94.
Wroblewska M, Brzuzan L, Jaroslawska J, Zdunczyk Z.
Institute of Animal Reproduction and Food Research of the Polish Academy of Sciences, Olsztyn, Poland.
The aim of this study was to investigate whether dietary buckwheat sprouts, cultivated without or with light exposure, exerted different effects on the lower gut, antioxidant status, and lipoprotein profile in rats. For 4 weeks, rats were given a diet containing 30 % expanded buckwheat seeds or 5 % buckwheat sprouts, cultivated with or without light exposure. Buckwheat sprouts that were cultivated under light and dark conditions, and expanded seeds, differed in the levels of total phenolic compounds and Trolox Equivalent Antioxidant Capacity values. All buckwheat products added to the diets decreased pH value and dry matter concentration in the caecal digesta compared with the control group. As compared to the control group, the addition of buckwheat products caused a higher glycolytic activity and the production of short-chain fatty acids in the caecum of the rats. There were no significant differences in the plasma concentrations of glucose, total cholesterol, nor triglycerides between the groups. The concentration of high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol was significantly higher, and the atherogenic index of plasma was lower in rats administered buckwheat sprouts cultivated in the light, compared to the group fed sprouts cultivated in the dark. Total plasma antioxidant status, activity of glutathione peroxidase, and superoxide dismutase in whole blood were not affected by dietary treatment. Results of the experiment indicated enhanced benefits of dietary supplementation with buckwheat sprouts cultivated under light, especially in relation to the serum lipoprotein profile.