Effectiveness of Irradiation Treatments in Inactivating Listeria Monocytogenes On Munb Bean Sprouts and Other Fresh Vegetables

Effectiveness of irradiation treatments in inactivating Listeria monocytogenes on fresh vegetables at refrigeration temperature.

ML Bari, M Nakauma, S Todoriki, VK Juneja, K Isshiki, and S Kawamoto

J Food Prot, February 1, 2005; 68(2): 318-23.

Food Hygiene Team, National Food Research Institute, Kannondai-2-1-12, Tsukuba 305-8642, Japan. latiful@nfri.affrc.go.jp

Ionizing radiation can be effective in controlling the growth of food spoilage and foodborne pathogenic bacteria. This study reports on an investigation of the effectiveness of irradiation treatment to eliminate Listeria monocytogenes on laboratory-inoculated broccoli, cabbage, tomatoes, and mung bean sprouts. Irradiation of broccoli and mung bean sprouts at 1.0 kGy resulted in reductions of approximately 4.88 and 4.57 log CFU/g, respectively, of a five-strain cocktail of L. monocytogenes. Reductions of approximately 5.25 and 4.14 log CFU/g were found with cabbage and tomato, respectively, at a similar dose. The appearance, color, texture, taste, and overall acceptability did not undergo significant changes after 7 days of postirradiation storage at 4 degrees C, in comparison with control samples. Therefore, low-dose ionizing radiation treatment could be an effective method for eliminating L. monocytogenes on fresh and fresh-cut produce.